12 Fields Where Job Prospects are Really Slim

Choosing a cost-effective education is crucial, especially with rising college expenses. Not all degrees offer optimal returns on investment, and choosing a degree that may not lead to a successful career can be burdensome. Check out the following degrees that won’t help one land a job.

Anthropology And Archaeology

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Anthropology and Archaeology offer valuable insights into human culture and history. However, the job market prioritizes practical and specialized skills over costly degrees. One has to spend years as an unpaid or underpaid intern before reaching a high position.

Film, Video, And Photographic Arts

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While a degree in videography or photography might be appealing, achieving success in these fields often comes down to more than formal education. Passionate individuals can leverage their natural talent, explore the online resources available, and gain valuable experience through freelance work or within marketing and service industries. This hands-on approach can equip them with the skills and experience to establish their own business, all while avoiding student loan debt.


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Though a communications degree provides a valuable foundation, employers often view it as less specialized in today’s competitive job market. This is because it may lack the specific technical skills and practical communication experience that are increasingly sought after. As a result, graduates with a communications degree alone might find it challenging to stand out from the crowd in many professional fields.

Culinary Arts

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The culinary industry values hands-on experience and skills over formal education. Many chefs and successful culinary professionals have risen through practical training. This makes the degree less essential for job placement.

Exercise Science

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While an exercise science major can be a great fit for someone passionate about promoting healthy lifestyles, the financial prospects of some entry-level positions in the field may not always align with post-graduation debt. It’s worth exploring alternative pathways, such as affordable certification programs, to become a trainer or instructor.  These options can provide a solid foundation in the field without the same level of financial investment.

Criminal Justice

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A criminal justice degree is often criticized for its narrow focus and lack of practical skills. Many employers prefer candidates with broader degrees or specific expertise. Without additional qualifications or experience, individuals may have limited job opportunities, making it challenging for graduates to secure meaningful employment in the field.

Marketing Management And Research

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Marketing management and research can be valuable degrees. However, landing a job often depends on practical knowledge and real-world experience. A degree may not be enough as this field keeps developing and requires continuous learning.


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Foreign-language majors face limited post-college opportunities. One potential alternative is to minor in a preferred language. Then, pursue a major in another field of interest. For example, one could opt for a business degree. This allows the exploration of international career opportunities.


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Philosophy cultivates critical thinking and analytical skills. However, its practical application in the job market is often perceived as limited. Many employers prefer job-related qualifications. As a result, people think a philosophy degree lacks direct vocational relevance making it challenging to secure certain positions.

Religious Studies

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While exploring the spiritual aspects of life through a religious studies degree can be fulfilling, it’s important to consider the job market realities. These degrees may lead to lower-paying positions and can come with significant student debt.


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The tourism industry is competitive, and while a tourism degree provides valuable knowledge, it may not guarantee a job on its own.  Employers often prioritize practical experience and specific skills over a purely specialized degree. To increase your job prospects, gaining relevant skills and experiences through internships, volunteering, or projects in areas like hospitality or marketing is crucial.


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While pursuing a music career can be incredibly rewarding, financing a music degree can be a hurdle. To address this, consider a more practical major that offers financial security. This will allow you to dedicate your free time to honing your musical craft and potentially leverage your talent as a side hustle to achieve financial independence.  This way, you can pursue your passion for music while having a steady income stream.

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